The Human Papilloma Virus or HPV is the most widespread Sexually Transmitted Disease in the world. In case someone is infected with HPV, unfortunately it will take some time for the lesions to become visible.
Depending on the type of the virus and if it is diagnosed on time, it can cause the appearance of cervical cancer and even rarer of the oropharynx, anus, vulva, and vagina in women.
HPV virus and prevention
There is a well-known method of prevention. Over a decade there is the possibility of primary prevention with the HPV vaccine but also in the last 5 years there is the second-generation vaccine with even greater efficacy.
The smear test, also known as “PAP test “, is that test that plays a leading role many years before the vaccine was created and has saved the lives of millions of women and that should be included in the global preventive medicine programs.
What is the smear test?
The smear test was invented by Georgios Papanikolaou in 1928. It is a simple, painless, and low-cost test involving the taking of a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix. The sample is examined by a specialist (cytologist) to identify, if any, abnormal cells have a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In this way, early cellular lesions are detected that if not treated appropriately, there is a possibility that they will develop into cancer cells over time.
For most women the result of the smear test will be normal. But about 1 in 20 women will receive a response from the test which will not be completely normal.
The most important risk factor for the development of cervical cancer is that the smear test is not performed regularly.
Book your appointment in our clinic for a smear check.