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Anaemia (Full blood count)

Full Blood Count

A routine Full Blood Count (FBC) test measures the levels of the major cell in your blood: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets, as well 10 different parameters related to these cells, including haemoglobin (HGB) and haematocrit (HCT).

Haematology Profile

From £49 – Turnaround time:  4-6 Hours

  • Full Blood Count + 5 part Differential
  • ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate)
 

Anaemia Profile

From £119 –  Turnaround time: 2 Days

  • Full Blood Count + 5 Part Differential, ESR
  • Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity
  • Ferritin
  • B12 (active)
  • Folate (RBC)

Iron Status Profile

From £59 –  Turnaround time:  4-6 Hours

  • Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity, Ferritin

White Blood Cell Count

The WBC (white blood cell) count is a common test within a health assessment and is a measure of your body’s ability to fight infection. A normal WBC level can be interpreted as a sign that the first line of defence (immunity) against bacteria or other disease is functioning properly. Moderately elevated white cell counts are a sign of acute infection, while remarkably high counts of abnormal white cells are encountered with leukaemia (a relatively rare form of blood cancer).

 

WBC   :        (3.00 – 10.00 10^9/L)

WBC Differential

NEUT%:  2.00 – 7.5  10^9/L

LYM%:  1.20 – 3.65  10^9/L

MONO%:   0.20- 1.00  10^9/L

EOS%:   0.00 – 0.40  10^9/L

BASO%: 0.00 – 0.10 10^9/L

Red Blood Cell Count

The RBC (red blood cell) count is the number of red blood cells present in your blood. The number can vary, and a marginally low or high results, during health screening may not indicate any problem. Although if RBC are significantly reduced can be associated with anaemia (a deficiency in red cell production, or loss of blood), and very high numbers are seen in polycythaemia (a condition which can be caused by smoking, living in high altitude or just bone marrow activity).

 

RBC: 3.80 – 5.29 10^12/L

HGB: 112 – 154 g/L

HCT: 0.338 – 0.454 L/L

MCV: 79.30 – 95.60 fL

MCH:  26.30 – 32.50 pg/cell

MCHC: 318 – 354 g/L

RDW-SD:  35.40 – 45.50 fL

RDW-CV: 11.50 – 15.00 %

Abnormal levels of these components may indicate:

 

  • Nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B-6 or B-12
  • Iron deficiency
  • Bone marrow issues
  • Tissue inflammation
  • Infection
  • Heart conditions
  • Cancer

ANAEMIA

The basic investigations for anaemia include an FBC and additional measurement of the levels of Iron, Ferritin, Vitamin B12 and Folate.

Additional tests may be indicated to identify some other types of anaemia, like thalassemia, sickle cell, aplastic etc.

Based on your results, your doctor will order follow-up tests to confirm abnormal levels and a possible diagnosis.

 

Iron is a compound of haemoglobin and is nutrient element that helps in oxygen transport around your body. If your levels are low, it can affect your energy, sleep, and fitness. Or if it’s too high, it can affect your heart health.

 

Ferritin is the depo form of the iron and can help you understand more about your nutrition and possible indicate long term deficit.

 

Folate (vitamin B9) is essential compound in the process of making red blood cells, which are especially important for energy. Similar, Low levels can lead to anaemia, causing tiredness and in the long-term could affect your heart health.

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